Radiant floor heating is used to heat an area by heating the floor. This type of heating has been used for decades. For instance, Romans warmed their villas with hot air underneath the floors. Koreans also used hot air under the floors to heat their homes. Architect Frank Lloyd Wright installed a radiant floor heating system in the homes he created during the 1930s.
What is Radiant Floor Heating?
Radiant floor heating system is located in sub-floor. It directly supplies heat to the floor of the house. Other types of radiant heating systems are on the panels located on the walls, baseboards or ceilings. They do the same thing as the radiant floor heating. It heats up the floor.
The heating system depends on heat transfer. Heat transfer transports heat using infrared radiation. This means heat is transferred from a hot surface to objects or people in the room as it rises. It gives off heat similar to stove top heat. For example, person placing their hand over a stove top burner that is on would feel concentrated heat.
Radiant Heat Systems on the Market
In general, a property owner has three types of radiant floor heating systems: air-force, electric and hydronic radiant floor heating system. The types of heating systems can be separated into separate subcategories by their installation. The floor heating systems that are placed within a slab of concrete is called a wet installation. Dry installation refers to the radiant heat floor that goes between plywood during the installation process.
Air-Forced Radiant Floor Heating Is Not as Good as Other Options
Air-forced radiant floor heating does not work as efficiently as other radiant systems because the air used cannot stay warm. By the time the heat reaches the surface, it begins to cool. This means another heating options such as a heater to use in conjunction with the air-forced radiant floor heating system.
Electric and Hydronic Radiant Floors are the Better Options
Electric radiant floors have mats consist of electric cables. These mats are sandwiched between the subfloor and flooring. The hydronic, or liquid, radiant floor heating system is the most popular of the three options. It is also the most cost-effective system. The hydronic system has heated water that is pumped from a boiler via tubing that is in a mat under the floor.
One Disadvantage of having a Radiant Flooring System
A disadvantage of having a radiant floor heating system is the limited flooring options. Flooring options include hardwood, tile, vinyl and linoleum. Unfortunately, the radiant system does not well with certain flooring such as vinyl. Carpeting and laminated wood floors are perfect flooring options for this type of heating system. Solid wood floors will crack and shrink from drying from all the heat from the floor. It is best to check with a Centerville UT radiant heat flooring professional.
Radiant Floor Heat Helps Reduce Energy Costs
Everyone in Centerville know the cold weather months can be cruel. Having a heated floor can help keep the interior warm. It will also save on heating costs.